Neck

Stabilizing Ligaments of the Upper Cervical Spine (Occiput-C2)

What is the Atlanto-Occipital Joint? The atlanto-occipital joint (O-C1) is formed by the occipital condyles and the upper articular facets of C1. These paired joints each look like a saddle and both are stabilized [...]

Stabilizing Ligaments of the Upper Cervical Spine (Occiput-C2)

Progressive Slip of Cervical Vertebra after a Posterior Laminectomy Surgery (Iatrogenic Instability)

(Click to Enlarge) Series of degenerative cervical slips. Iatrogenic Instability of the Cervical Spine Overview This is an example of what can happen when the spine becomes unstable after [...]

Progressive Slip of Cervical Vertebra after a Posterior Laminectomy Surgery (Iatrogenic Instability)

Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR)

Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) Overview Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR) is one of a family of disorders that are autoimmune in nature. These disorders attack the musculoskeletal system. In a normal immune response, alien proteins such as [...]

Polymyalgia Rheumatica (PMR)

Patient Preparation

How to Prepare for Spine Surgery This is not a passive event. Unless it is just around the corner, to just wait for your surgery to take place is a mistake. A fit and more [...]

Patient Preparation