Neurosurgeons and spine surgeons generally do the same thing but come from different backgrounds. Spine surgeons originate from orthopedists who are speciality trained in spine surgery. Spine surgeons were the originators of stabilization surgery for scoliosis and trauma. Neurosurgeons originated tumor work in the brain and spinal cord.
Now, some individuals are interchangeable but there still can be real differences in the two specialities.
Donald Corenman, MD, DC is a highly-regarded spine surgeon, considered an expert in the area of neck and back pain. Trained as both a Medical Doctor and Doctor of Chiropractic, Dr. Corenman earned academic appointments as Clinical Assistant Professor and Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, and his research on spine surgery and rehabilitation has resulted in the publication of multiple peer-reviewed articles and two books.