“Could you pleases explain what ‘acute effusion in both cervical and lumbar previously operated segments’ means”? Effusion and swelling are generally synonymous. A previously operated spinal region can have a seroma (a collection of fluid or an effusion) that can last years and even decades. It usually has very little significance.
Donald Corenman, MD, DC is a highly-regarded spine surgeon, considered an expert in the area of neck and back pain. Trained as both a Medical Doctor and Doctor of Chiropractic, Dr. Corenman earned academic appointments as Clinical Assistant Professor and Assistant Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery at the University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, and his research on spine surgery and rehabilitation has resulted in the publication of multiple peer-reviewed articles and two books.